Russian primary sources, 20th century - 1st half: databases, documents, periodicals, books, articles

Старые газеты - RU

A unique online archive of Russian pre-revolutionary and Soviet newspapers (67 titles) printed in 1912-1991, many of them very rare. The pages and articles of these newspapers are available in PDF or DJVU format. The publications are arranged by year, month and title. 

1912     1916     1918     1920     1924     1925     1926     1927     1928     1929

1930     1931     1932     1933     1934     1935     1936     1937     1938     1939

1940     1941     1942     1943     1944     1945     1946     1947     1948     1949

Источники по истории России XVIII - начала XX в. - RU

Russian-language primary sources for the study of Russian history in the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries. 

A collection of valuable links provided on the website of the Faculty of History at the Moscow State University.

SovLit. Soviet Journals - RU

Soviet journals published in 1920s. Publications marked with   are available in full text.

The texts are available on, a joined online project of the University of Tartu (Estonia) and Russian publishing house OGI (ОГИ).

Marxists Internet Archive. - MULTILINGUAL

The most complete library of Marxism with content in over 40 languages and the works of over 400 authors readily accessible by archive, subject, or history.

ICFI/ Marxist Library - EN

Material from the history of the Marxist movement from the 1840s to the present with special focus on the history of the Trotskyist movement.

Коллекция «Русская футуристическая книга» - RU

An online collection of rare Russian/ Soviet futuristic books (146 titles) printed in 1910-1932. To download the scan copy, click on the cover image, and you will be redirected to the related webpage. To enlarge the image, click on the  + symbol key on your keyboard. For next page, click on PgDn. For more instructions, use the Options Bar buttons at the lower left corner of the screen.

Seventeen Moments in Soviet History - EN

An online collection of primary sources that includes texts, images, maps and audio and video materials from the Soviet era (1917-1991). All documents are arranged by year and by subject, are fully searchable, and are translated into English.

Мир искусства журнал, 1899-1904 - RU

[The World of Art]  editor S. Dyagilev

The journal archive in PDF format is available at

1899 Т.1, № 1/2-12            1902 Т.7, № 1-2                1903 Т.9, № 1-6

1899 Т.2, № 13-24             1902 Т.8, № 7-8                1903 Т.10, № 7-12  

1900 Т.3, № 1-12               1902 Т.7, № 3-4                1904 Т.11, № 1-3         

1900 Т.4, № 13-24             1902 Т.7, № 5-6                1904 Т.11, № 4-6                                     

1901 Т.5, № 1-6                 1902 Т.7, № 9-10              1904 Т.12, № 7-12         

1901 Т.6, № 7-12               1902 Т.7, № 11-12      

Искусство. Журнал Государственной Академии художественных наук. 1923-1928 - RU

[Iskusstvo (The Art)] A journal published by GAKhN (The State Academy of Arts) in 1923-1928. Seven journals in PDF format are available on the website of the Research Center "Russische Philosophie und Ideengeschichte", Ruhr-Universität Bochum.

Бюллетени ГАХН. 1925-1928 - RU

The State Academy of Arts Bulletin 1923-1928. [GAKhN - Gosudarstvennaja Akademija Khudožestvennykh Nauk].

Seven bulletins in PDF format can be downloaded on the website of the Research Center "Russische Philosophie und Ideengeschichte", Ruhr-Universität Bochum.

Антисоветская Электронная Библиотека: исторические материалы и книги - RU

Anti-Soviet Electronic Library: Historical Materials and Books  is a project developed by Andrey Perensky, the founder of the ImWerden electronic library. The collection includes various material illustrating life in the Soviet Union (1922-1991).

Gbooks. Коллекция дореволюционных изданий по истории России - RU

Pre-revolutionary Russian-language periodicals and other material on Russian history (PDF files and external links).

C.А. Новосельский "Смертность и продолжительность жизни в России"

[Mortality and Life expectancy in Russia] A book by S.A. Novosel'sky. Petrograd, 1916

Published by 'Типография Министерства Внутренних Дел' ('The Interior Ministry Printing shop').  Free pdf version is available at

Декрет ВЦИК и СНК РСФСР отъ 18 декабря 1917 года «О гражданскомъ браке, о детяхъ и о веденiи книгъ актовъ состоянiя»

Азбука красноармейца. 1921 - RU

[The Red Army Soldier's ABC book] Published: Москва, GIZ, Department of Military Literature at Revvoensovet [Revolutionary Military Council], 1921. Digitised copy with illustrations by D. Moor at

Мавзолей Ленина. Подборка документов - RU

Lenin Mausoleum. A selection of documents. The material is offered at

Архив бумажной истории. Фрагменты старых газет и журналов - RU

Excerpts from Soviet journals and newspapers, 1940s and 1950s. Scanned copies of various articles and photographs dedicated to the Second World War and other historical events. 

The Population of the Soviet Union: History and Prospects - EN

A book by Frank Lorimer. Published by The League of Nations, Geneva. 1946.

Free PDF version is available at

Eufrosinia Kersnovskaya. What's a Human Being Worth? - RU-EN

A website devoted to Eufrosinia Kersnovskaia (1907-1994), a gifted artist who spent 12 years as a prisoner in the Gulag. After her release, she wrote her unique memoirs - 12 hand-written notebooks illustrated by hundreds of drawings of life in the Gulag.